Publications

Field-reports
2011 survey

Preliminary report (136 kb PDF)

Prehistoric period (7,8 mb PDF)

Historical period (28 mb PDF)

2009 survey

1. Introduction (24 kb PDF)

2. Historical period (5,3 mb PDF)

3. Prehistoric period (3,1 mb PDF)

2008 survey

Preliminary report (8,2 mb PDF)

 
Articles, theses, books
 
2016

Meyer, Jørgen Christian, Eivind Heldaas Seland, and Nils Anfinset (eds): Palmyrena: City, hinterland and caravan trade between Orient and Occident. Proceedings of the conference held in Athens, December 1–3 2012. Oxford: Archaeopress. (external link).

 

Meyer, Jørgen Christian, Nils Anfinset, and Torbjørn Preus Schou: 81. Palmyrena. The northern hinterland of Palmyra (Homs), in A history of Syria in one hundred sites, eds Y. Kanjou and A. Tsuneki. Oxford: Archaeopress. (external link).

 

Seland, Eivind Heldaas: Ships of the desert and ships of the sea: Palmyra in the world trade of the first three centuries CE. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz. (external link) .

 

2015

Schou, Torbjørn P. Mobile Pastoralist Groups and the Palmyrene in the Late Early to Middle Bronze Age (C. 2400-1700 Bce): An Archaeological Synthesis Based on a Multidisciplinary Approach Focusing on Satellite Imagery Studies, Environmental Data, and Textual Sources. Dissertation for the Degree of Philosophiae Doctor. (PhD), University of Bergen.

 

Seland, Eivind Heldaas: "Camels, Camel Nomadism, and the Practicalities of Palmyrene Caravan Trade". ARAM, 27, 45-53.

2014

Seland, Eivind Heldaas: "The Organisation of the Palmyrene Caravan Trade". Ancient West and East 13: 197-211 (external link)

Meyer, Jørgen Christian: "Palmyra, Archaeology of".In Encyclopedia of Global Archaeology, ed. Claire Smith. New York: Springer Reference:5785-5791. (external link).

2013

Meyer, Jørgen Christian: "City and hinterland. Villages and estates north of Palmyra. New perspectives". Studia Palmyreńskie 12: 269-286.

Seland, Eivind Heldaas: "Ancient Afghanistan and the Indian Ocean: Maritime Links of the Kushan Empire ca 50-200 CE". Journal of Indian Ocean Archaeology 9: 61-69.

Seland, Eivind Heldaas: "Networks and social cohesion in ancient Indian Ocean trade: geography, ethnicity, religion". Journal of Global History, 8 (3): 373-390 (external link).

2012

Anfinset, Nils. Book review: "El Kharafish. The archaeology of Sheikh Muftah Pastoral Nomads in the desert around Dakhla Oasis (Egypt). By H. Reimer, Africa Praehistorica 25. Heinrich Barth-Institut, Köln, 2011". Journal of African Archaeology 10 (1): 125-127 (external link)

Seland, Eivind Heldaas: "Death or taxes : Choosing itineraries between the Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean in the mid-18th century". Academic Quarter 4, Spring 2012: 97-108 (external link).

Seland, Eivind Heldaas: "Trade and Christianity in the Indian Ocean During Late Antiquity". Journal of Late Antiquity 5 (1): 72-86 (external link).

Elisabeth Solheim: Palmyra – Ein storby på den syriske tørrsteppa: Ressursgrunnlag og menneskelege tilretteleggingar. Thesis for the MA-degree, Department of Archaeology, History, Cultural Studies and Religion, University of Bergen.

Seland, Eivind Heldaas: "The Liber Pontificalis and the Red Sea trade of the early-mid fourth century AD". In Navigated Spaces, Connected Places Proceedings of Red Sea Project V held at the University of Exeter September 2010, eds. D.A. Agius, J. P. Cooper, A. Trakadas and C. Zazzaro. Oxford, Archaeopress: 117-126.

2011

Anfinset, Nils: "The formation of economic systems and social institutions during the fifth and fourth millennium BC", in Interweaving worlds. Systemic Interactions in Eurasia, 7th to 1st Millennium BC, eds. T.C. Wilkinson, S. Sherratt & J. Bennet, 2011. London, Oxbow Books: 145-157. (external link)

Finsås, Martine Solenes: Romersk Palmyra? Kvalitativ og kvantitativ analyse av romersk innflytelse påpalmyrenernes private identitet. Thesis for the MA-degree, Department of Archaeology, History, Cultural Studies and Religion, University of Bergen. (external link)

Ruset, Hildegunn Maria Haanes: Pastoral Nomads on the Syrian steppe in the early Bronze Age: a study of burial monuments in the hinterland of Palmyra. Thesis for the MA-degree, Department of Archaeology, History, Cultural Studies and Religion, University of Bergen. (external link)

Seland, Eivind Heldaas: "Kameler og kamelkaravaner i romersk kunst". Klassisk Forum 2-2011: 45-53. (external link)

Seland, Eivind Heldaas: "The Persian Gulf or the Red Sea? Two axes in ancient Indian Ocean trade, where to go and why".World Archaeology 43 (3): 398-409. (external link)

Meyer, Jørgen Christian: "Det syrisk-norske survey nord for Palmyra, Syria. De historiske perioder". Riss - Et arkeologisk tidsskrift. no 2, 2011.

Seland, Eivind Heldaas: “Ørkenens skip: Kamelen og den første transportrevolusjonen”. Replikk 1 - 2011: 65-72.

 
2010

Anfinset, Nils: Metal, Nomads and Culture Contact, Equniox. London. (external link)

Seland, Eivind Heldaas: "Palmyra – Karavanehandel og geopolitikk i romersk Syria". Klassisk Forum 2-2010: 54-69. (external link)

Anfinset, Nils: "Forskningsetiske utfordringer i arkeologien" Riss - et arkeologisk tidsskrift 1-2010: 13-20.

Anfinset, Nils: "Fra tidlig jordbrukere til pastoral nomader"Riss - et arkeologisk tidsskrift 1-2010: 4-12

Anfinset, Nils and Jørgen Christian Meyer: "The Hinterland of Palmyra". Antiquity 84 (324), June 2010. (external link)

Anfinset, Nils, Jørgen Christian Meyer and Eivind Heldaas Seland: "Palmyrena: City, Hinterland and Caravan Trade between Orient and Occident". Posters for the museum in Palmyra. (1,9 mb low-res PDF)

 

Conference and seminar papers

 

2013

Eivind Heldaas Seland: "Client-king? Me? The Social Networks of Local Rulers in the Roman Near East". International Network for Social Network Analysis annual meeting / Sunbelt Conference, Hamburg, May 24th.
Eivind Heldaas Seland: "Caravans, smugglers and trading fairs: organizing textile trade on the Syrian border". Conference: Textile trade and distribution in antiquity, Philipps-Universität, Marburg, April 9th. 
Eivind Heldaas Seland: "Networks in the Roman Near East", project presentation" Workshop: Local Dynamics of Globalization in the Pre-Modern Levant, University of Oslo, Faculty of Theology, March 19th.

2012

Eivind Heldaas Seland: "Network aspects of trade in the Indian Ocean before Islam: Geography, Ethnicity and Religion". 2nd MIRI Research Meeting: Connectivity and Mobility in the first Milennium CE, Copenhagen, Dec. 4th.

Kristina Josephson Hesse: "Adaptation and Interaction in the Semi-Arid Syrian Landscape during the Bronze Age" Palmyrena conference, Athens, Dec. 1st-3rd.

Knut Krzywinski: "Mudbrick from Khaleed al-Ali" Palmyrena conference, Athens, Dec. 1st-3rd.

Torbjørn Preus Schou: "Google Earth and satellite imagery in archaeological survey of the Palmyrene". Palmyrena conference, Athens, Dec. 1st-3rd.

Nils Anfinset: "Palmyrena in the prehistoric period: cycles of change and adaptation." Palmyrena conference,Athens, Dec. 1st-3rd.

Eivind Heldaas Seland: "Practicalities of Palmyrene long-distance trade" . Palmyrena conference, Athens, Dec. 1st-3rd.

Jørgen Christian Meyer: "Palmyra: A bride of the desert? Results of the Norwegian-Syrian survey north of Palmyra. The historical periods. Palmyrena conference, Athens, Dec. 1st-3rd.

Nils Anfinset: "Cairns and stone structures of the Syrian Steppe". American Schools for Oriental Studies, Annual Meeting, Nov. 15th-17th

Jørgen Christian Meyer: "Palmyrena in Late Antiquity and Early Islam". Workshop From Late Antiquity to Early Islam in the Near East, Department of archaeology, History, Cultural Studies and Religion, University of Bergen, May 15th.

Eivind Heldaas Seland: "Changing Networks in Late Antiquity". Workshop From Late Antiquity to Early Islam in the Near East, Department of archaeology, History, Cultural Studies and Religion, University of Bergen, May 15th.

Nils Anfinset: "Towards a political landscape of the Syrian steppe: cairns, stone structures, and nomads" 8th International Congress on the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East. Session: Settlement dynamics and human landscape interaction in the steppes and deserts of Syria, Warsaw May 3rd-4th.

Jørgen Christian Meyer: "Palmyrena: City, Villages and Nomads." 8th International Congress on the Archaeology of the Ancient Near East. Session: Settlement dynamics and human landscape interaction in the steppes and deserts of Syria, Warsaw May 3rd-4th.

Eivind Heldaas Seland: "Christianity and Diaspora Trade in the Indian Ocean before Islam". Second Congress of Asian Association of World Historians, Seoul Apr. 27th-29th.

Eivind Heldaas Seland and Jørgen Christian Meyer: "Pliny, Appian and Palmyra". Classical Association Conference, Exeter Apr. 13th.

Eivind Heldaas Seland: "Travel and religion in late antiquity". Connected Past, Southampton Mar. 23rd-24th.

Nils Anfinset: "Arkeologi, politikk og religion". Fagkritisk dag på Religionsvitenskap; 2012-03-01

2011

Torbjørn Schou: "The Bronze Age Palmyrena Trade Route: Fact or Factoid?". History and Archaeology of Palmyrene Trade. Workshop at the Norwegian Institute in Athens Dec. 1st-2nd.

Nils Anfinset: "Interaction and Use of the Syrian Dry Steppe from Pre-Pottery
Neolithic to Bronze Age". History and Archaeology of Palmyrene Trade. Workshop at the Norwegian Institute in Athens Dec. 1st-2nd.

Jørgen Christian Meyer: "The Hinterland of Palmyra in a Larger Regional and Interregional Context". History and Archaeology of Palmyrene Trade. Workshop at the Norwegian Institute in Athens Dec. 1st-2nd.

Eivind Heldaas Seland: "The Organization of Palmyrene Caravan Trade". History and Archaeology of Palmyrene Trade. Workshop at the Norwegian Institute in Athens Dec. 1st-2nd.

Eivind Heldaas Seland: "Organizing Trade between Empires, the case of Palmyra". American Schools of Oriental Research annual meeting, San Francisco Nov. 16th-19th.

Eivind Heldaas Seland:"Central Asia and the Indian Ocean in the first centuries AD". Academy of Sciences, Ashgabat, Turkmenistan, Nov. 10th-11th, Bronze and Iron ages and material-spiritual heritage of Turkmenistan.

Eivind Heldaas Seland: "Camels and the Practicalities of Palmyrene Caravan Trade". ARAM conference on trade routes and seafaring in the ancient Near East, Oxford Jul. 4th-6th.

Eivind Heldaas Seland: "Afghanistan, the Periplus and Palmyra". Ancient Afghanistan. Conference at the British Museum Mar. 12th-13th 2011.

Jørgen Christian Meyer: "Den forsvunne oasebyen Palmyra". Bryggens Museum Feb. 28th 2011.

2010

Jørgen Christian Meyer: "City and Hinterland. Villages and estates north of Palmyra. New perspectives". Palmyra – Queen of the Desert. 50 Years of Polish Excavations in Palmyra. University of Warsaw Dec. 6th-8th 2010.

Eivind Heldaas Seland: "Ships of the Desert and Ships of the Sea – Palmyra and the Indian Ocean". Oxford Roman Economy Project Silk Routes and Eastern Context Seminar, Oxford University Nov. 26th 2010.

Torbjørn Schou: "A Middle Bronze Age Palmyrene trade route: fact or factoid?". Middle Eastern Connectivities, University of Bergen Sep. 24th–26th 2010.

Jørgen Christian Meyer: "Villages north of Palmyra". Middle Eastern Connectivities, University of Bergen Sep. 24th–26th 2010.

Eivind Heldaas Seland: "Protection and the caravan trade of Palmyra". Middle Eastern Connectivities, University of Bergen Sep. 24th–26th 2010.

Eivind Heldaas Seland: "Liber Pontificalis and the Red Sea trade of the early fourth century". Red Sea V conference, Navigated Spaces, Connected Places. University of Exeter Sep. 16th–19th 2010.

Waleed al-As'aad: "Results of the national teams in Palmyra. Joint Syrian-Norwegian workshop, Arabic Culture Centre, Palmyra May 9th–10th.

Roberta Tomber: "Between Palmyra and the Roman Red Sea – by land or by sea". Joint Syrian-Norwegian workshop, Arabic Culture Centre, Palmyra May 9th–10th.

Ela Katzy: "Chronology of the sites north of Palmyra". Joint Syrian-Norwegian workshop, Arabic Culture Centre, Palmyra May 9th–10th.

Torbjørn Preus Schou: "The Palmyrene in Bronze Age regional context: a study on interaction between pastoralist and urban societies in Syria from EBA IV to MBA. Joint Syrian-Norwegian workshop, Arabic Culture Centre, Palmyra May 9th–10th.

Nils Anfinset: "Preliminary results from the PPNB and the Early Bronze Age". Joint Syrian-Norwegian workshop, Arabic Culture Centre, Palmyra May 9th–10th.

Jørgen Christian Meyer: Palmyrena: control of the territory. Joint Syrian-Norwegian workshop, Arabic Culture Centre, Palmyra May 9th–10th

Eivind Heldaas Seland: "Ships of the desert and ships of the sea – the maritime and overland trade of Palmyra". Joint Syrian-Norwegian workshop, Arabic Culture Centre, Palmyra May 9th–10th.

Jørgen Christian Meyer: "Palmyrena: et oppland for en storby på den syriske tørsteppe", Kulturhistorie i det østlige Middelhav, University of Oslo Mar. 6th.

Eivind Heldaas Seland: "Agency perspective on empires and their peripheries: the case of Palmyra". ESF-JSPS Frontier Science Conference Series for
Young Researchers, Contact Zones of Empires in Asia and Europe:
Complexity, Contingency, Causality. Fukuoka Feb. 27th-Mar. 4th.

2009

Nils Anfinset: "The First Two Seasons of Survey Palmyra-Issariah, the Joint Syrian-Norwegian Survey", ASOR annual meeting, New Orleans Nov. 18th-21st.

Eivind Heldaas Seland: "Principal-agent relations and trade between empires: the case of Palmyra", ASOR annual meeting, New Orleans Nov. 18th-21st.

Eivind Heldaas Seland: "Palmyra: Brudd og kontinuitet i senantikken", Antikkfagene i Norden i det 21. århundre, Aarhus University Sep. 17th-18th.